An Atheism that Is Not Humanist Emerges in French Thought

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James and Stuart Rachels, The Elements of Moral Philosophy (McGraw Hill Publishing, 2012) (ANY EDITION WILL DO: PLEASE FIND ONE CHEAPER ONLINE). http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0078038243/information_center_view0/table_of_contents.html Discussing readings and assignments is highly encouraged, but each student must always do his or her own written work, unless specifically told otherwise. 15 weekly short writing assignments, often on the readings, usually due Monday at the time of class, submitted through ): 5 points each, 75 points total.

Pages: 448

Publisher: Stanford University Press; First Edition edition (March 8, 2010)

ISBN: 0804762996

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Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics. Preventing Birth: Contemporary Methods and Related Moral Controversies. Githens, Marianne and Dorothy McBride Stetson, ed. Abortion Politics: Public Policy in Cross-Cultural Perspective. Abortion at Work: Ideology and Practice in a Feminist Clinic online. Descriptive ethics incorporates research from anthropology, psychology, sociology and history to understand beliefs about moral norms online. That will is absolutely good which cannot be evil, in other words, whose maxim, if made a universal law, could never contradict itself. This principle then is its supreme law: Act always on such a maxim as thou canst at the same time will to be a universal law; this is the sole condition under which a will can never contradict itself; and such an imperative is categorical Ethics of Human Rights read online. Quite an influential factor in the development of ethics was Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) download. Many secular ethical theories go along very well with Secular Humanism, a much broader philosophy, or with Effective Altruism, a social movement. As of March 2016 ITS no longer offers hosting service for www.philosophy.uncc.edu. This domain is now managed by the College of Liberal Arts & Sciences online. Put differently, relativity to be meaningful and worthy of consideration must be meant in an objectivist sense, i. e., as a claim about things are they really are that logically excludes contrary views. If true, the claim itself establishes at least one objective fact and hence is self-refuting , source: Letter to D'Alembert and download pdf http://springfieldkyspringwater.com/ebooks/letter-to-d-alembert-and-writings-for-the-theater-collected-writings-of-rousseau. How one individual “feels” physical and/or emotional pain varies from one individual to another. How one individual “feels” empathy for the physical/emotional pain of another varies from one individual to another download.

My intention is to make claims about morality and religion that are true (correspond with reality), and some of them might be. I believe that some courses of action are objectively superior to others How to Think Seriously About download pdf download pdf. Ethics, or morality, is a system of principles that helps us tell right from wrong, good from bad. This exposition of the gospel of Matthew examines the Sermon on the mount and the Beattidues showing that this should not be minimized to mere morality pdf. Ethical Decision-Making · Link 1; The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Computer & Moral Reasoning · Link 1; The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy On Moral Grounds www.patricioginelsa.com. Perhaps having rejected the notion that values come from on high, we still must explain their origin; for without divine sanction it is at least possible that (traditional) values do not serve mankind well (as Nietzsche asks, "what is the value of values?"); what were the motivations of the "original" value-creators and their opponents? do we have sufficient evidence to answer such a question?; if not, perhaps asking what are the motivations of contemporary purveyors of values can shed light on the subject Reading in a Second Language: download pdf http://www.etsivatoimistodeksari.com/?library/reading-in-a-second-language-process-product-and-practice-applied-linguistics-and-language-study.

Lessons in Life, for All Who Will Read Them

As part of it he outlined the view that natural law should be understood as empirically based directions for enabling sociable but quarrelsome people to get along with one another, no matter how much they differed about God or the good epub. Which of these three, do you think, proved neighbor to him who fell among the robbers? He said, "The one who showed mercy on him." And Jesus said to him, "Go and do likewise." (Luke 10:29-37, Revised Standard Version) Darley and Batson (1973) observe that people can envision various differences between the priest and Levite on the one hand and the Samaritan on the other hand , cited: Meta-Ethics and Normative download here http://frankfortspringwater.com/freebooks/meta-ethics-and-normative-ethics. Kant’s account of the content of moral requirements and the nature of moral reasoning is based on his analysis of the unique force moral considerations have as reasons to act , source: Let's Use Free Speech to Work Hard download here. Because an action is moral on account of its being reasoned, the moral worth of an action is determined by its motive, or the reason behind the action, not by its consequences. We can determine the worth of the motive behind any given moral action by asking whether we could turn that motive into a universally applicable maxim. Reason is the same at all times and for all people, so morality too should be universal , source: Constructing Marxist Ethics: Critique, Normativity, Praxis (Studies in Critical Social Sciences) http://hoperadiony.com/library/constructing-marxist-ethics-critique-normativity-praxis-studies-in-critical-social-sciences. Matthew: I don’t think there’s anything special about the visual arts in that case. Most of the limitations that hold with respect to the literary I would be happy for them to hold with respect to the visual case ref.: Making a Change for Good: A Guide to Compassionate Self-Discipline download epub. According to rule-utilitarianism, a behavioral code or rule is morally right if the consequences of adopting that rule are more favorable than unfavorable to everyone pdf. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Railton, P. 1984. �Alienation, Consequentialism and the Demands of Morality'. Philosophy and Public Affairs 13: 134-171 download. First as I once wrote in a previous article, "since each person is raised differently with very diverse experiences, each person has a unique definition of morality and ethical beliefs." Additionally, since society is continuously changing their viewpoints and technological capabilities, I think ethics and morality are also changing accordingly, even if organizations such as religions try to make people believe that morality is constant Ecological Ethics and Living download online www.vertiga-studio.com.

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I strongly recommend that you make an outline of your paper, and of the arguments you'll be presenting, before you begin to write. This lets you organize the points you want to make in your paper and get a sense for how they are going to fit together ref.: The Choice of Hercules read pdf http://www.patricioginelsa.com/lib/the-choice-of-hercules. Revealed in this pathbreaking work is the way in which traditional philosophical issues related to ethics, (...) metaphysics, and epistemology, for instance, take on specific forms in Africa's postcolonial struggles. Much of its moral, political, and social philosophy is concerned with the turbulent processes of embracing modern identities while protecting ancient cultures. (shrink) P , e.g. Ownership, Authority, and Self-Determination: Moral Principles and Indigenous Rights Claims http://www.vertiga-studio.com/?library/ownership-authority-and-self-determination-moral-principles-and-indigenous-rights-claims. The natural law functions in a way that is analogous to the aforementioned principles. According to Aquinas, all human actions are governed by a general principle or precept that is foundational to and necessary for all practical reasoning: good is to be done and evil is to be avoided. This principle is not something we can ignore or defy , source: Utopia: Originally Printed in Latin, 1516 http://www.patricioginelsa.com/lib/utopia-originally-printed-in-latin-1516. Is this something that morality should seek to capture or overcome? Reciprocity may form another morally significant distinguishing feature of such situations. If the person does not give to charity because they wish to buy a present for a friend instead, how is this act to be morally evaluated Toxic Wealth: How the Culture of Affluence Can Harm Us and Our Children Toxic Wealth: How the Culture of? The Golden Rule is a classic example of a normative principle: We should do to others what we would want others to do to us. Since I do not want my neighbor to steal my car, then it is wrong for me to steal her car Measuring Global Poverty: Toward a Pro-Poor Approach http://frankfortspringwater.com/freebooks/measuring-global-poverty-toward-a-pro-poor-approach. What is generally understood by ethics, however, is philosophical ethics, or moral philosophy. Moral philosophy is a division of practical philosophy (which concerns itself with what ought to be, or with the order of acts which are human and which therefore depend upon our reason) pdf. Some of the questions we are currently investigating include: What do moral (and, more generally, normative) sentences mean? What, for example, does it mean to say that an action is morally wrong Let's Use Free Speech to Work Hard http://www.patricioginelsa.com/lib/lets-use-free-speech-to-work-hard? Thanks to Ming Tan of Melbourne University for his regular help in updating this directory Hypocrisy: Moral Fraud and download for free download for free. Legal systems are created to reflect morals shared by certain groups in a society; these systems protect the moral codes in place by punishing individuals who eschew the codified morals (in the form of breaking the law) Practical Ethics (1892) read epub http://zachis.it/?library/practical-ethics-1892. These philosophers typically suggest that a person's ethics are learned from families, friends and teachers. Some ethics might also be adapted from individual experiences Interrogating Ethics: Embodying the Good in Merleau-Ponty http://www.patricioginelsa.com/lib/interrogating-ethics-embodying-the-good-in-merleau-ponty. Railton, P. 1984. �Alienation, Consequentialism and the Demands of Morality'. Philosophy and Public Affairs 13: 134-171. Scheffler, ed., Consequentialism and its Critics , e.g. The elements of ethics; an download epub The elements of ethics; an introduction. Are the values we hold dear and guide our lives by mere social conventions akin to driving on the left versus right side of the road or mere expressions of personal preference akin to having a taste for certain foods or not? Or are they valid independently of our apprehension of them, and if so, what is their foundation? Moreover, if morality is just a human convention, then why should we act morally, especially when it conflicts with self-interest , cited: Conduct Literature for Women, read online http://www.patricioginelsa.com/lib/conduct-literature-for-women-part-iv-1770-1830-vol-5?

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