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Ethics of Ancient Greek Philosophy: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle According to Socrates, the ultimate object of human activity is happiness, and the necessary means to reach it, virtue. Gordon -- Information technology, privacy, and the protection of personal data / Jeroen van den Hoven -- Embodying values in technology: theory and practice / Mary Flanagan, Daniel C. For, it is said, I can make many maxims universal without rendering them moral.

Pages: 80

Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (April 6, 2013)

ISBN: 1484053885

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See the Curley edition; or the Tuck edition: Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan: with selected variants from the Latin edition of 1668. Edited, with introduction and notes by Edwin Curley. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1994 Hobbes, Thomas. Raphael, ed., The British Moralists from Hobbes to Bentham Evolution in Modern Thought read epub In short, scientists, like scholars, are usually not "free spirits," and still suffer from the faith of the ascetic, insofar as they still believe in truth (III, 24). This belief in truth is born of the ascetic ideal, or more precisely the Platonic, and eventually Christian belief that truth is divine The Principles of Moral and read here On this foundation we can affirm the objective goodness and rightness of love, generosity, self-sacrifice, and equality, and condemn as objectively evil and wrong selfishness, hatred, abuse, discrimination, and oppression online. To preserve the happiness of myself and others, I am determined to respect my commitments and the commitments of others download. You would be killing the one person as a way to save the others; that means using that one person as a means to an end. The best choice is the one that a person of good moral character would make. Being ethical is not about following a formula for moral decision-making that tells us how to act in various situations download. Philosophers inquire about this broad field, which they call ethics, moral philosophy, and the study thereof Unity in Diversity: Exhuming Marriages' Hopefulness from Its Divorces' Hopelessness Unity in Diversity: Exhuming Marriages'. Moreover, if morality is just a human convention, then why should we act morally, especially when it conflicts with self-interest? Or are we in some way held accountable for our moral decisions and actions? Today I want to argue that if God exists, then the objectivity of moral values, moral duties, and moral accountability is secured, but that in the absence of God, that is, if God does not exist, then morality is just a human convention, that is to say, morality is wholly subjective and non-binding ref.: What Is a Practical Moral download epub

Selections from the writers mentioned in this article and many others, with introductions. The British Moralists and the Internal "Ought," 1640–1740. Studies a central issue in early modern British moral thought. Citizens without Sovereignty: Equality and Sociability in French Thought 1670–1789. Historical study of emerging forms of social life in early modern France download. These include the four cardinal virtues of wisdom, courage, temperance and justice, the bodily virtues of health, strength, good fortune and a long life, the external virtues of wealth, kin, social position and noble birth, and finally the 'divine virtues' of guidance, good counsel, direction and divine support Advice to Young Men Kant is not saying never treat another as a means; rather, never treat another human merely as a means. However, if these are to be MORAL exchanges, all parties must treat each other not merely as objects of instrumental value alone (things with finite value), but as objects of intrinsic value as well.� That is, we must recognize one another as autonomous, rational beings capable of willing freely.� We must not frustrate that freedom and autonomy, but rather enhance it by allowing the other to make a free autonomous choice.� To frustrate that freedom through coercion (force, threats of force, deception) is always immoral pdf.

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Most students in ethics courses will predict that, after becoming overpopulated, applying ethical principles to the moral code would very likely result in the moral code changing in the direction of placing a higher value on some form or forms of collectivist behavior Twelve lectures to young men, read pdf Virtue theory returned to prominence in Western philosophical thought in the twentieth century, and is today one of the three dominant approaches to normative theories (the other two being deontology and consequentialism). Virtue ethics is an approach to ethics that emphasizes the character of the moral agent, rather than rules or consequences, as the key element of ethical thinking Survival:: A Moral Response to read pdf Immanuel Kant was born in 1724 in the Prussian city of Königsberg , e.g. Self and Subjectivity (Blackwell Readings in Continental Philosophy) Self and Subjectivity (Blackwell. These rights include familiar exclusionary rights to promote children’s welfare, etc epub. The New Republic, August 29, 2007. � The Greatest Good for All Sentient Beings. Changesurfer Radio, November 12, 1999. � The Sanctity of Life , e.g. Reflections Or, Sentences and Moral Maxims There is another, slightly confusing, aspect of relativistic utilitarianism download. This sense of “morality” is a descriptive sense, because a person can refer to some other individual’s morality without endorsing it. When relativized to an individual in this way, morality has less limitation on content than when it is taken to refer to the code of conduct put forward by a society or group download. When you encounter incomplete theories or deal with general types of theories that are not concerned with all three items above, you should try to think about different ways in which they might be completed Religion, War, and Ethics: A read pdf read pdf. Notice that a thing’s being corruptible presupposes having goodness Handbook on Etiquette in Chinese Official Intercourse: [Translated by C.T.B.] (1912 ) Allied to this materialistic historical interpretation, though derived from other sources, is the system of Relativism, which resognizes no absolute and unchangeable truths in regard to ethics or anything else. Those who follow this opinion believe that nothing objectively true can be known by us. Men differ from one another and are subject to change, and with them the manner and means of viewing the world about them also change epub.

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We might think however it suffers from the following fault – we might think it’s not true ref.: The Choice of Hercules download online The Choice of Hercules. Socrates focus was on morality and politics, which affected everyone's life. ... (Magee, 1998) The belief differences between Socrates and Plato are hard to determine because they are based solely on Plato"s writing, making them biased. .. pdf. Philosophers probably want to keep this in mind when engaging in philosophy of ethics and philosophy of morality Capital Punishment: A Reader read epub Presently there is little agreement about which such principles to follow. While many struggle with the fear of losing their memories, others would dearly love to be able to forget. The concept of forgiveness, particularly forgiving those who are not truly sorry for the wrong they have perpetrated, raises ethical questions The Ethics of Benedict de read pdf read pdf. Ex. gr., the former says: I ought not to lie if I would retain my reputation; the latter says: I ought not to lie although it should not bring me the least discredit. The latter therefore must so far abstract from all objects that they shall have no influence on the will, in order that practical reason (will) may not be restricted to administering an interest not belonging to it, but may simply show its own commanding authority as the supreme legislation Evolution and ethics : and other essays First, foregoing surgery appeared to be in the best interests of the infant, given the poor quality of life it would endure ref.: Sexual Deceit: The Ethics of read epub Sexual Deceit: The Ethics of Passing. In Moore and in subsequent academic moralists of England we find it taken to be pretty obvious that "the right action" is the action which produces the best possible consequences (reckoning among consequences the intrinsic values ascribed to certain kinds of act by some "Objectivists" [4] ). Now it follows from this that a man does well, subjectively speaking, if he acts for the best in the particular circumstances according to his judgment of the total consequences of this particular action Darwinian Dominion: Animal download pdf Further, though in normal circumstances, xyz would be a justification for A, of which institution A is of course not itself a description. (E.g. the statement that I give someone a shilling is not a description of the institution of money or of the currency of the country.) Thus, though it would be ludicrous to pretend that there can be no such thing as a transition from, e.g., �is� to �owes,� the character of the transition is in fact rather interesting and comes to light as a result of reflecting on Hume�s arguments. [1] So far, in spite of their strong associations, I conceive �bilking,� �injustice� and �dishonesty� in a merely factual way ref.: This I Believe II: More download online Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. If impartiality does involve maximising good, how do we maximise it? In the performance of particular actions, as act-utilitarians recommend Jewish and Christian ethics download for free Jewish and Christian ethics with a? As the saying goes, "two heads are better than one." Involving others in our moral decision making means that these others can provide insight or experience which is different from our own. The second way in which we can learn from discussing moral questions with others is a long-term gain in moral understanding. We can come to understand a general class of problems better by seeing other people's points of view , e.g. An Atheism that Is Not download epub

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