Techniques in High Pressure Neutron Scattering

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Those orange stars found to have a higher than usual concentration of lithium (such as Centaurus X-4) orbit massive objects—neutron stars or black holes—whose gravity evidently pulls heavier lithium to the surface of a hydrogen-helium star, causing more lithium to be observed. If the newly formed steam is to be used as a means to power an electrical generator then it is routed to a turbine engine, which turns a generator.� The steam and turbine interact in a wind/windmill manner.� The spinning turbine on the generator creates electricity.� If the newly formed steam is used as a direct-heat application, it is fed to a heat exchanger where it heats an external water source through conduction (IGA 3).� The heated water from the output side of the heat exchanger is used for heating homes, greenhouses, pools, fish farms, and soil.� The spent geothermal ground water is injected back into the peripheral parts of the reservoir to help maintain reservoir pressure (IGA 1). ����������� If no ground water is present in the area, a different approach is used.� Two wells are dug in the form of a closed loop.� The rocks at the bottom of the loop are heated by the magma to about 464 degrees Fahrenheit (Grolier) (see illus. 2).� Cold water is forced into one end of the loop under very high pressure by a special pump.� This opens minute fractures in the walls of the well, increasing the hot surface area and creating a �heat reservoir.� ����������� The heated-pressurized water, now almost 400 degrees Fahrenheit shoots up the other end of the well and is �flashed� into steam in special vessels by the release of pressure (Grolier) (see illus. 3).� From this point on the options and procedures are the same as those for where ground water is present.

Pages: 276

Publisher: CRC Press (December 4, 2012)


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