Aryans, Jews, Brahmins: Theorizing Authority Through Myths by Dorothy Matilda Figueira

By Dorothy Matilda Figueira

In Aryans, Brahmins, Jews, Dorothy M. Figueira presents a desirable account of the development of the Aryan fantasy and its makes use of in either India and Europe from the Enlightenment to the 20 th century. the parable matters a race that inhabits a utopian prior and offers upward thrust first to Brahmin Indian tradition after which to ecu tradition. In India, notions of the Aryan have been used to enhance a countrywide id below colonialism, person who allowed Indian elites to spot with their British rulers. It additionally allowed non-elites to establish a counter identification severe in their place within the caste approach. In Europe, the Aryan delusion supplied sure thinkers with an foundation tale that can compete with the Biblical one and will be used to decrease the significance of the West’s Jewish historical past. ecu racial hygienists made a lot of the parable of a natural Aryan race, and the Nazis later checked out India as a cautionary story of what might occur if a country didn't stay “pure.” As Figueira demonstrates, the heritage of the Aryan fantasy can be a background of examining, interpretation, and creative building. firstly, the ideology of the Aryan used to be imposed upon absent or fake texts. through the years, it concerned innovations of creating, evoking, or distorting the canon. each one development of racial identification was once all for key problems with interpreting: canonicity, textual accessibility, interpretive ideas of studying, and excellent readers. The book’s cross-cultural research demonstrates how identities may be and are made from texts and illuminates an engrossing, frequently aggravating background that arose from those creations.

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375–76). This logic called into question the authority, even for someone like Schlegel, of the Old Testament. 575). A decade earlier, Joseph Görres had also sought primitive religion beyond Judea. 13–14). 37–40). 611). 54). 569). xiii). The hermetic books of Egypt, a land once colonized by the Hindus, derived from it as did all vestige of what was positive in Greek thought. 329, 435–36, 556). The Jews owe their entire religion to the Vedic Indians, and Christians worship the Aryan Brahma as Christ (Görres 1810: 571).

16 He further verified Vedic quotations with the testimony of grammars, collections of aphorisms, law digests, astronomy, medical texts, profane poetry, and even the writings of heretical sects (Colebrooke 1805: 481–84). This corroboration offered sufficient grounds to prove that no forger’s skill was equal to the task of fabricating large works in all branches of Sanskrit literature to agree with the numerous citations pervading thousands of volumes in every branch of that literature (Colebrooke 1805: 484).

174). 197). 362). 357 ff). Jews, Aryans Chap. 2 7/23/02 8:00 AM Page 29 The Romantic Aryans 29 What the West recognized as religion, mythology, and poetry originated in the Orient. Classical Indian culture exhibited in a pure, undiluted form what, in the West, was a mere vestige of the union of philosophy and poetry. 74). Schlegel clearly saw himself as the guide for this aesthetic and religious pilgrimage. The unique fruit of his metaphorical journey, Über die Sprache und Weisheit der Indier (1808), comprised, as it were, the Romantic manifesto on India.

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