Battle for Peace by Krishna Kumar

By Krishna Kumar

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The Euro-Atlantic agents), this understanding elaborates the concept IENTRODUCTION STABLISHING SECURITY : WHAT ISCOMMUNITIES THIS ABOUT? 39 of power and suggests that the initial stages of security-communitybuilding are dominated by processes of consensual hegemony. Therefore, the understanding of peace-order indicates that security communities are initiated as a result of the socialisation power of external agents to create institutional arrangements that both have the ability to maintain the compliance of state-elites and the capacity to ensure that their decision-making follows peaceful and nonbelligerent foreign-policy-choices.

Reflecting the temper in the rationalist camp, Keohane (1996: 463) has conceded that ‘the fact that we lack theories that would enable us to understand the effects of the end of the Cold War on world politics certainly should make us humble’. Developments in the former Eastern Bloc, and especially in the Balkans, during the 1990s emphasised the importance of maintaining peaceful international interactions. However, the policymakers, whose decisions (although not consciously) followed the rationalist paradigm failed to deliver a pattern of peaceful relations in the Balkans (at least up to 1999).

E. hierarchy) of certain ideas over others, which is dependent on the ‘institutional mechanisms that render some ideas more politically influential than others’ (Yee, 1996: 93). Such proposition, however, 36 EXTENDING THE EUROPEAN SECURITY COMMUNITY does not seem to indicate sufficiently the particular process of ideational dominance of certain norms and rules and the practice of their promotion. 6 Said otherwise, institutions such as the EU and NATO are constructed as ‘transnational moral entrepreneurs’, whose agency ‘stimulates and assists in the creation of likeminded organisations in other countries’ (Nadelmann, 1990: 480).

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