Cognitive Constraints on Communication: Representations and by Teun A. Van Dijk (auth.), Lucia Vaina, Jaakko Hintikka

By Teun A. Van Dijk (auth.), Lucia Vaina, Jaakko Hintikka (eds.)

Communication is likely one of the such a lot tough human phenomena, and an identical is correct of its paradigmatic verbal awareness as a discussion. not just is conversation the most important for almost all interpersonal kin; discussion is usually noticeable as supplying us additionally a paradigm for vital intra-individual approaches. the simplest recognized instance is unquestionably the assumption of concep­ tualizing pondering as an inner discussion, "inward discussion carried on by means of the brain inside of itself with out spoken sound", as Plato referred to as it within the Sophist. initially, the learn of verbal exchange looks too vaguely defmed to have a lot promise. it's as much as us, to be able to converse, to determine what to assert and the way to claim it. even though, on eloser scrutiny, the method of verbal exchange is noticeable to be topic to varied sophisticated constraints. they're due inter alia to the character of the events of the communicative act, and most significantly, to the houses of the language or different approach to illustration presupposed in that particuIar act of communique. it truly is for that reason now not marvelous that during the research of verbal exchange as a cognitive technique the severe concerns revolve round the nature of the representations and the character of the computations that create, retain and interpret those representations. The time period "repre­ sentation" as used right here shows a specific approach of specifying information regarding a given subject.

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Because the fundamental condition of peace is the possibility ofkeeping the contact with all your partners, independently of their attitude and behavior. "Practice has proved that the capacity to keep the contact is eo ipso a way to substitute violent aetions" says Mircea Malita (Theory and Practice of Negotiations (in Romanian), Editura politic"ä, Bucharest, 1972, p. 150). The most dangerous symptom of deterioration of international relations is the ceasing of funetioning of ehanne1s of international communication.

It would be difflcult to imagine how one could disagree with such a description of an aggression. However, if from a sernantic viewpoint things are very clear and non-ßusceptible of controversy (at least in their meaning if not in their formulation), they are less clear from a pragrnatic viewpoint. As soon as we have to test whether a particular, concrete activity is of one of the considered seven types labeled as aggression, we have to face great difflculties. Where are they located? Let us take for instance the last one of the seven types.

Practice has proved that the capacity to keep the contact is eo ipso a way to substitute violent aetions" says Mircea Malita (Theory and Practice of Negotiations (in Romanian), Editura politic"ä, Bucharest, 1972, p. 150). The most dangerous symptom of deterioration of international relations is the ceasing of funetioning of ehanne1s of international communication. Thus, keeping the peace is to a large extent the art ofkeeping at least some ehanne1s functioning at any given time. But keeping the contact (with any price) may have so me negative implications over the cognitive function of communication.

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