By Contescu C. (ed.), Putyera K. (ed.)
Emphasizing the capability and effect of the burgeoning nanotechnology box, this six-volume encyclopedia set discusses the elemental ideas, theories, and methodologies that effect nanosystem layout thoughts in nanostructured fabrics, nanodevices, and method architectures. extraordinary in scope and intensity, it examines the houses, functionality, and engineering of fabrics that experience controllable good points at the nanometer scale; new simulation instruments and computational equipment; and the development, integration, and alertness of instruments for the dimension and imaging of organic fabrics.
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Extra resources for Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Therefore, Eqs. 9 and 13 give a complete description of the ligand distribution at equilibrium and allow one to directly deduce the molecular binding energy from the total adhesion energy if the trapping area a, the total number of ligands N, and the density of receptors r0 are known.  It consists in holding a slightly deflated 10- to 30-mm vesicle in a micropipette with a controlled aspiration. At the start of the experiment, the shape of the vesicle is a segment of sphere outside of the pipette and a cylindrical portion inside the pipette (which ends in an hemisphere of radius equal to the inner radius of the pipette, rp).
1] The dependency of adsorption amount on molecular weight is stronger for shorter chains and approaches a limit for longer chains. Rough gold surfaces and ultraflat surfaces possess the same degree of hydrophobicity but different extents of surface roughness. Interestingly, plateau adsorption amounts on ultraflat surfaces are 20–30% lower than that on rough surfaces for the various molecular weights investigated. These results indicate that the maximum surface excess of the polymer increases because of the presence of physical heterogeneity.
More recent investigations have explored the role of polymer architecture in adsorption on rough surfaces. Striolo and Prausnitz predicted that adsorption occurs readily for branched polymers compared to linear polymer chains because a smaller entropic penalty is involved for adsorption of globular polymers. However, when the interaction between polymer segments and surface becomes strong enough, it was predicted that a linear polymer chain can spread more than the globular polymer as the entropic loss is overcome by the gain in adsorption energy from spreading.