By Philip Wilkinson
This encyclopaedia includes every thing you must find out about whatever to do with faith. From the secret of Mesopotamia to Zen Buddhism, get to the center of the entire significant faiths from around the globe. notice the attitudes, beliefs, artwork and structure of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Religion
Pali is the form used in Theravada Buddhism (pp. 68–69) and in this book. Sanskrit, along with Tibetan and Chinese, is used in Mahayana Buddhism (pp. 72–73). Thai Buddhist novice monk in the meditation position Modern statue of the Buddha made of gilded plaster THE BUDDHA’S FOLLOWING Today, there are Buddhists all over the world. They come from many different places and traditions. The Buddha was a great teacher. He spent most of his time travelling and preaching with a group of followers. These followers grew in number and became the first Buddhist monks, who continued to spread the faith.
For example, there are festivals which commemorate the achievements of Rama, as told in the Hindu epic the Ramayana (pp. 38–39). Festivals can be localized celebrations focusing on a temple’s favoured god, or on a much larger scale, huge events celebrated in Hindu communities throughout the world, honouring great gods such as Shiva. In addition, many Hindu families observe a weekly festival day, with longer rituals and special foods, for the god they personally worship. For example, devotees of Shiva celebrate on Mondays while followers of Ganesh observe his festival on Wednesdays.
He was the leader of the Jains, who believe that their faith has always existed, but was rediscovered at this time. The popularity of both the Buddha and Mahavira shows that, at this time, India was a melting-pot of religious ideas. Indra pays homage to the Buddha. ADVICE FROM THE GODS Many people in India at the time of the Buddha were Hindus, and he is often depicted alongside Hindu gods. Brahma, “the Creator”, and Indra, “God of Rain and Warfare”, are two of the most important Hindu gods. It is said that when the Buddha achieved enlightenment, Brahma and Indra persuaded him to teach others the truths that he had learnt.