By Robert Kaufman
The Maginot Line is the main recognized fortification process of worldwide warfare II, yet in truth such a lot ecu nations have been busy construction fortified protective traces from the tip of global battle I till 1941, whilst the restrictions of the French method grew to become noticeable. as well as the West eu assets and contacts he drew upon for the preferred Hitler's Blitzkrieg Campaigns, J.E. Kaufmann has now been in a position to use previously-unavailable East ecu files to supply new fabric at the Soviet Stalin and Molotov strains and the Czech Nachod-Ostrava defenses. a really accomplished account of all ecu fortifications of the realm struggle II period is offered now for the 1st time, supplemented by way of rankings of exceptional technical drawings via Polish artist Robert M. Jurga.
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The combat section included several concrete blocks, normally of two levels, that came in several types and usually had one main function. The block types included casemate positions, turret positions, and a combination of both. In addition, each block functioned primarily as an infantry or an artillery position. In most cases the entire block was covered with earth and rock with the exception of the casemate weapons positions. Most blocks also sported a small non-movable turret, known as a cloche, that became the trademark of the Maginot Line.
During mobilization, as the brigade expanded, an additional artillery regiment was formed, one or two battalions of which was assigned to each sub-sector. After September 1939, the SFs were dissolved. Some, mainly those outside of the Maginot Line Proper, were formed into fortress divisions. The Maginot Line Proper consisted of a thin line of blockhouses and casemate positions with barbed wire and anti-tank obstacles. The ouvrages, which formed the backbone of its defenses, were far better built than the forts of Verdun, but their fire-power was not much different.
Some countries, such as Hungary, have not been included because we were not able to find any information at all about their defenses. This does not necessarily mean that they had no permanent fortifications. E. Kaufmann, PO Box 680484, San Antonio, TX 78268, USA Robert Jurga, Boryszyn 33, 66218 Lubrza, POLAND Page 11 Chapter 1 France Background France's World War II era fortifications date back to the close of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. After the humiliating defeat and harsh peace terms that resulted in the loss of the province of Alsace and a large part of Lorraine, the French government and military establishment resolved to fight to restore the lost territories and national honor.