International Migration: Trends, Policy and Economic Impact by S. Djajic

By S. Djajic

This publication presents a modern point of view on a large variety of overseas migration difficulties. It considers contemporary immigration tendencies and rules in addition to the speculation and proof relating to the behaviour of migrants, unlawful immigration, and the hyperlinks among migration and alternate, financial development, and the welfare country.

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Extra resources for International Migration: Trends, Policy and Economic Impact (Contemporary Economic Policy)

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2 Canadian immigration Economic winners and losers Don DeVoretz Major economic and social impacts have occurred in Canada as a consequence of the almost five million immigrant arrivals circa 1967–96 who now represent 17 percent of Canada’s population. Public finance transfers have resulted from this immigrant inflow as well as wage compression and labor displacement and altered savings and wealth accumulation levels. In short, each of these economic arenas has experienced major changes in the demand and supply conditions, which in turn has redistributed resources among old and new immigrants and resident Canadians.

Outcomes A comprehensive assessment on the relative merits of the two selection processes, in comparison with each other, and in comparison with alternative systems as they are operated in other countries, in the sense of a formal RAINER WINKELMANN 13 evaluation study, is beyond the scope of this survey. To the best of my knowledge, such an analysis has not been attempted yet. There are certainly immense conceptual and practical problems to overcome. Availability of appropriate data is one, but it is also unclear what exactly should one measure and compare.

These innovations had two important economic implications. First, unlike in the 1967–75 period, the percentage of economically assessed immigrants fell as the Ministry attempted to meet yearly quotas by increasing the oversubscribed family class or expanding refugee numbers. In the 1968–76 period (under the 1967 regulations of the 1953 Immigration Act), over 70 percent of immigrants were screened in the independent or economic class. This high percentage of economic immigrants dropped under the 1978 Immigration Act at first below 30 percent (1975–82) and then to about 14 percent of the total flow by the mid-1980s.

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