By Jason Glynos
This e-book proposes a unique method of training social and political research in line with the function of logics. The authors articulate a particular standpoint on social technological know-how rationalization that avoids the issues of scientism and subjectivism via guidance a cautious direction among lawlike reasons and thick descriptions. Drawing upon hermeneutics, poststructuralism, psychoanalysis, and post-analytical philosophy, this new technique deals a specific set of logics – social, political and fantasmatic – with which to build serious factors of practices and regimes. whereas the 1st a part of the e-book severely engages with lawlike, interpretivist and causal techniques to serious rationalization, the second one half elaborates another grammar of techniques expert through an ontological stance rooted in poststructuralist concept. In constructing this process, a couple of empirical situations are integrated to demonstrate its uncomplicated recommendations and logics, starting from the apartheid regime in South Africa to fresh alterations in better schooling. The booklet might be a helpful software for students and researchers in various comparable fields of analysis within the social sciences, in particular the disciplines of political technology and political thought, diplomacy, social conception, cultural reports, anthropology and philosophy.
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Additional resources for Logics of Critical Explanation in Social and Political Theory
But in critical opposition to subsumption, we develop the concept and practice of articulation in order to characterize the way we ought to understand both social science research practice and many aspects of the general logic of critical explanation. A major part of this discussion centres on our preferred understanding of the role of case studies, comparative research and generalization in the social sciences. We also connect our concept of articulation to the practice of judgement, as it is understood by thinkers such as Kant and Wittgenstein, showing how this conceptual linkage enables us to address issues concerning the application of abstract theoretical concepts and logics to empirical objects, or how to incorporate into our approach theoretical concepts and empirical generalizations derived from other traditions of thought.
Here we invoke Laclau and Mouffe’s logics of equivalence and difference to investigate the way in which the traces of radical contingency associated with the original institution of practices and regimes can in certain circumstances be reactivated by subjects, thus enabling them to construct new meanings, practices and identities. Finally, if political logics are most closely associated with the political dimension of social relations, fantasmatic logics are closely linked to the ideological dimension.
4 More specifically, we challenge the compartmentalizing tendencies of positivist social science investigation – a logic of scientific discovery followed by exhaustive empirical testing and explanation – and propose instead one overarching logic of investigation comprising three interlocking moments: the problematization of empirical phenomena; the retroductive explanation of these phenomena; and the persuasion of – and intervention into – the relevant community and practices of scholars and lay-actors.