Migration and Citizenship: Legal Status, Rights and by Rainer Baubock

By Rainer Baubock

As Europe struggles to combine starting to be numbers of immigrants into society, citizenship is often held out as either a objective of and a device for selling that integration. yet by means of learning the difficulty from the point of view of migration, Migration and Citizenship makes transparent that citizenship incorporates very important felony and political prestige that is going past such efforts at social integration. Highlighting the ways that the variation in felony prestige that citizenship confers permits governments to set barriers among voters and non-citizens when it comes to rights and political participation, this quantity summarizes present theories and learn.

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Extra resources for Migration and Citizenship: Legal Status, Rights and Political Participation (Amsterdam University Press - IMISCOE Reports)

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These modifications were accompanied by a new concept: Men and women should be treated equally (mostly in the sense that from then on both had to apply for citizenship). Nevertheless, many states feared that marriages would be misused in order to get legal access to the territory. Therefore, specific residence and time limits were imposed before an application could be submitted. (Automatic) acquisition of nationality by adoption is very similar to obtaining citizenship by marriage. Yet, again, fearing potential abuse, states have increasingly restricted access to nationality for adopted children.

In case of their own citizens acquiring another citizenship, states that require renunciation have to rely on co-operation by the authorities of the other state. However, more and more sending states are deliberately giving up on such external renunciation requirements. 19 At the same time, there seem to be increasing security concerns regarding states’ ‘domestic’ citizenship policies, that is, citizenship rules for first and second-generation immigrants. g. in case the alien has obtained a states’ citizenship fraudulently), the states’ capacity to enforce their rules may be limited for the very same reasons that prevent them from controlling their own citizens’ compliance with legal regulations when acquiring another citizenship abroad.

To be sure, across Europe, long-term residents now, by and large, possess a reasonably secure residence status as well as a range of other rights and benefits, often denied to short-term migrants. However, as governments are reasserting control over immigration, control over access to 38 ALBERT KRALER denizenship increasingly seems to become a crucial building block of immigration policies. For example, to be granted a permanent residence permit may hinge upon continuous residence in the country, and, perhaps more importantly, on the continuous possession of a renewable short-term permit.

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