The Basics of Sociology (Basics of the Social Sciences) by Kathy S. Stolley

By Kathy S. Stolley

"The fundamentals of Sociology" offers an advent to the middle options in sociology. Accessibly written chapters illustrate the heritage and perform of sociological paintings. contemporary parts of social technological know-how inquiry, e.g., globalization and the net also are lined. There are profiles of greater than 70 remarkable sociologists. furthermore, there's info on education and dealing as a sociologist.

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For example, we may only be able to explain why an abused wife stays with her violent husband by understanding the totality of her situation from her perspective—her emotional attachment to him, her economic situation, her religious views, and so on. Although it has German roots, symbolic interaction is a “distinctively American tradition . . [and America’s] most original contribution to sociological thought” (Collins 1994, 242). The perspective was developed during the 1920s by George Herbert Mead (1863–1931).

It is these smaller interactions that actually make up the larger social structures that are of the focus of functionalists and conflict theorists. According to this perspective, society and these larger social structures must be understood through studying social interactions that are based on shared understandings, languages, and symbols. A symbol is something that stands for, represents, or signifies something else in a particular culture. Symbols can be anything—gestures, words, objects, or events—and they can represent any number of others things, ideas, events, or emotions.

In sociology, theoretical paradigms differ in how much of society or what aspects of society they focus on at one time. In other words, they differ on how “big” their look at society is. Macro perspectives are “big” perspectives that look at social processes throughout society. , the economy, the government, and the health-care system). They look at how these facets of society fit together and any troubles or stress within these interrelationships. They are also interested in why and how society changes as a result of these relationships.

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