By Joseph E. Nation (eds.)
The de-escalation of a nuclear main issue is without doubt one of the significant concerns dealing with humankind. This ebook examines how international locations in crises may possibly effectively stream again from the threshold of nuclear warfare and the way confidence-building measures can assist and prevent the de-escalatory process.
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Additional info for The De-escalation of Nuclear Crises
Darilek 13 (but of the Russians in particular) communicated superficially correct but erroneous information in 1914 about the degree of at least one side's interest in actually going to war. On the basis of this 'false positive' information, the other side also mobilized and then escalated by attacking. If crisis management tools could be found to reduce the likelihood of false positives, therefore, such tools could make a significant contribution to avoidance of this kind of war. It can be argued that effective CBMs, especially the transparency measures among them, will contribute to the reduction of false positives as long as both sides continue to observe them throughout a crisis.
A fourth goal might be provision of war termination measures in the event that none of the other goals can be achieved in a particular case. One way of visualizing these various goals is as a spectrum -running the gamut from peace, to crisis, to war, and beyond - which arms control can conceivably address throughout its entirety. 1 WAR Control escalation/ de-escalation Avoid war Facilitate termination Spectrum of arms control goals In theory, CBMs can promote arms control objectives that improve the prospects of achieving the different goals arrayed along this spectrum.
In the language of the document, which took over six years to negotiate (not only in Stockholm itself but also at the Madrid review meeting of CSCE, where agreement even to hold the Stockholm talks took three years to reach), the new measures were to be more 'militarily significant, binding, and verifiable' than their predecessors. They were to have more politico-military 'bite', hence a greater 'security' component, as protective compensation for the sharp downturn in East-West relations that was occurring at the time.