By Clifford S. Russell, Duane D. Baumann
This large evaluate of the advance people water source coverage research and perform bargains views from a number of disciplines: legislations, economics, engineering, ecology and political technological know-how. whereas the ancient context supplied is going again to the early nineteenth century, the publication concentrates at the prior sixty years and lines a dialogue of the trouble that has normally been encountered in bringing the disciplines of economics and ecology into collaboration within the water source context. The publication explores the evolution of water comparable analytical services and associations and gives illustrations from case reviews, concluding with suggestions for learn, institutional switch and motion. notwithstanding designed to be a history textbook for interdisciplinary graduate seminars in water assets making plans and administration, it truly is available to lay readers and those that have policymaking or implementation accountability yet lack a technical historical past. The publication will entice scholars and school in water coverage, economics, and engineering, and in interdisciplinary courses prepared round water source difficulties and questions. coverage makers and normal readers also will savor this non-technical advent.
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Additional info for The Evolution of Water Resource Planning and Decision Making
An understanding of how the US water policy evolved over time will help us understand how what we do in the future will be influenced, and sometimes constrained, by historical events and current agency biases. Indeed, the future effectiveness of initiatives in water management will depend on the extent to which attention is paid to lessons learned from past successes and failures. This evolution is summarized in the following sections. A more complete accounting of the period 1800 to 1970 may be found in Holmes (1972, 1979).
Another dimension of this era of largely privately financed developments was the construction of canals. Thus, digging of the Erie Canal began in Rome, NY, in 1817, with the objectives of opening the country west of the Appalachian Mountains to settlers and to providing inexpensive transportation of market products in both directions. It helped to establish New York City as a global trading center and Buffalo as a regional powerhouse and was considered to be the engineering marvel of the day. Construction on the Chesapeake (Bay) and Ohio (River) (or ‘C&O’) Canal began in 1828 and for nearly a century the C&O was the lifeline for towns and businesses along its 184-mile route between the nation’s capital and Cumberland, MD.
Cooperation with local governments and encouragement of local participation in water programs were given lip service during this period. The policies espoused by the resources planning organizations usually centered on national concerns, including the provision of low-cost electricity and water for 160-acre western farms. Though the attempt was made to foster local cooperation, intense local opposition to water proposals sometimes arose. 3 23 1933 to 1943: economic efficiency Legislation 1936 Flood Control Act 1938 Flood Control Act Institutions 1933 Tennessee Valley Authority 1933 National Planning Board 1934 NPB becomes National Resources Board 1935 National Resources Committee 1939 Executive Office of the President (Bureau of the Budget) 1939 NRC becomes National Resources Planning Board 1939 Public Works Administration 1939 Works Progress Administration 1940 US Fish and Wildlife Service Analysis 1933 NPBs multi-purpose plans for ten rivers 1935 Authorization to supplement 308 Reports on economy 1936 Flood Control Act, benefit-cost language 1942 Human adjustment to floods, Gilbert White Other events 1939 World War II begins for Europe 1941 World War II begins for USA attractive to local constituencies and toward multi-purpose projects with conflicting purposes became a contentious issue.