The Humanitarian Challenge: 20 Years European Network on by Pat Gibbons, Hans-Joachim Heintze

By Pat Gibbons, Hans-Joachim Heintze

This ebook contains contributions from teachers, practitioners and policy-makers hooked up with the community on Humanitarian motion (NOHA), a global organization of universities that's dedicated to interdisciplinary schooling and examine on humanitarian motion. Celebrating the 20 th anniversary of NOHA, this e-book highlights probably the most urgent concerns and demanding situations dealing with humanitarian motion and explores capability solutions.

Drawing on concept and perform, and spanning a huge diversity of subject material, the booklet explores the starting place of key techniques equivalent to human safety, reconciliation and resilience and questions their effectiveness within the pursuit of humanitarian ends. It additionally charts present advancements within the humanitarian procedure, particularly in its criminal and monetary frameworks. concerns on the subject of humanitarian stakeholders, corresponding to the position of the media and the safety of humanitarian employees, also are addressed. The contributions are motivated via a variety of disciplines, together with anthropology, political technological know-how, criminal experiences and communications.

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Lastly, there is a danger that, improperly oriented, resilience discourse can end up being a hype or be used to maintain status quo. On the other hand, the resilience approach offers a wide set of promises, and various arguments are being put forward in defence of the concept. Hence, a set of challenges and opportunities can be identified. 1 Conceptual Discussion With resilience widely appearing in policies, papers and discussions throughout disaster studies and practice, a conceptual discussion is manifesting itself in a number of ways.

In line with this approach, disaster actions and activities were a showdown between powerful forces of nature and a state-led technocratic and militarised counterforce. They had several characteristics: first, the scientific understanding and monitoring of geophysical processes was central, with the main goal of predicting hazards and suppressing and controlling geophysical processes through planning and managerial activities (dikes, water pumps and flood control works are such examples). Second, if not suppressible, human activities were often controlled to separate people from risk through, for example, building codes and so-called ‘fail safe’ measures.

12). 3 The Responsibility to Protect The increasing incidence of gross human rights violations and human suffering caused by mainly internal armed conflicts and the growing acceptance in international policy circles of the responsibility to protect meant that humanitarian action and peacebuilding were high on the international agenda during the 1990s and the first decade of the twentieth century. This coincided with more long-term trends which, from the perspective of international law and international relations, development and security, began to prioritise people (their rights, development and security) over States and put them at the centre of debates and, therefore, to question the principle and traditional conception of sovereignty.

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