By Robin A. McKenzie, Stephen May
Read or Download The Lumbar Spine: Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy 2nd Edition (2 Volume Set) PDF
Best mechanics books
This up-to-date and elevated version of the bestselling textbook offers a entire creation to the tools and thought of nonlinear finite aspect research. New fabric offers a concise advent to a few of the state of the art equipment that experience developed lately within the box of nonlinear finite aspect modeling, and comprises the prolonged finite aspect technique (XFEM), multiresolution continuum idea for multiscale microstructures, and dislocation-density-based crystalline plasticity.
- An introduction to mechanics
- The Theory of the Top. Volume II: Development of the Theory in the Case of the Heavy Symmetric Top
- Radiation Damage. Behaviour of Insonated Metals: Course Held at the Department for Mechanics of Deformable Bodies October 1970
- Fracture Mechanics: Integration of Mechanics, Materials Science and Chemistry
- Introduction to Continuum Mechanics, 3rd ed.
- Statistische Mechanik, Dritte Auflage (Springer-Lehrbuch)
Additional info for The Lumbar Spine: Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy 2nd Edition (2 Volume Set)
1995b, 2000). Many people with low back pain cope independently in the community and do not seek help, w hether medical or alternative. 6 OF BAC K PA I N C H A PTE R O N E Proportion of back pain population who seek health care % who % who % who consult consult physiochirop'ractor therap'ist % who Relerence consult Country GP consult osteopath Dodd 1997 UK 38% 6% 3% 9% Walsh eL al. 1992 UK 40% al. 5% 1% 10% 5% Hillman eL Limon eL Carey eL al. 1998 al. 1996 McKinnon eL 1997 al. SanLos-Eggimann al.
Individual risk factors The strongest rish factor for future bach pain is histolY oj past bach pain. tal predictive role in future episodes (Frank et al. 1996; Ferguson and Marras 1997). Frank et al. dual with a previous history is three to four times more l ikely to develop back pain than someone without that history. The epidemiology reviewed in Chapter 1 suggests that more than half of those who have an episode of back pain will have a recurrence. The association of increasing age and female gender to back pain are less well established.
1993; Waters et al. 1999; Zwerling et al. 1993) repeated bending at home (Mundt et eL al. 1993) prolonged bending (Punnell et al. 1991; Hoogendoom eL al. 2000a) • unexpected spinal loading (Mag01'a 1973) • driving (Kelsey 1975; Kelsey et al. 1984b; Frymoyer et al. 1983; Damkot et al. 1984; Krause et al. 1997; Masset and Malchaire 1994) sedentary jobs (Kelsey 1975) a high incidence of back pain has been found in those who spend a lot of their working day either sitting or standing, but was much less common in those who were able to vary their working positions regularly during the day (Magora 1972).