By Nancy E. Lane
Osteoporosis at present impacts 25 million humans within the usa, and because the child boomers input their fifties, this bone-weakening disorder is poised to strike thousands extra. due to this illness, many older humans will be afflicted by a bone fracture at some point soon , and much too lots of those fractures will bring about everlasting disability.The excellent news is this devastating "silent epidemic" is completely preventable, and within the Osteoporosis publication, readers of every age will locate every thing they should understand to gradual, cease, or even opposite the bone loss that motives this crippling ailment. Written by means of Dr. Nancy E. Lane, a number one investigator and clinician within the box of osteoporosis, it truly is an necessary advisor to the fascinating clinical breakthroughs that experience taken position long ago few years--in bone density dimension, in estrogen remedy, and in our wisdom of the bone cycle--that now enable medical professionals to foretell who's in danger and to watch those contributors of their fifties, earlier than a fracture happens. Readers discover ways to evaluate--and each time attainable, eliminate--the possibility components of their personal lives. "What supplements may still I take? Is hormone substitute treatment correct for me? And what approximately exercise?" The solutions are the following. And for these already suffering from osteoporosis, Dr. Lane presents the simplest and up to date clinical and useful recommendation to be had wherever for dealing with its aches and pains and safeguarding opposed to additional deterioration.Impeccably researched and reassuringly available, The Osteoporosis publication empowers readers to make knowledgeable healthcare offerings that would improve the standard in their lives for many years to come back. it's been recommended by means of the nationwide Osteoporosis beginning.
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Extra info for The Osteoporosis Book: A Guide for Patients and Their Families
Mass. Men and women will continue to lose bone as they age, about 1 or 2 percent a year; this slow, steady bone loss is a natural part of the aging process. Although we generally think that the bone loss of aging is slow and continuous, we are now finding that when activity changes, or when we become immobilized or ill with another disease, bone loss accelerates. The reasons for accelerated bone loss with be covered in other chapters. WHAT HAPPENS IN MENOPAUSE? As a woman enters menopause ovarian function declines, reducing production of two hormones, estrogen and progesterone.
Menopause is the time when bone loss usually begins, and it is then that a woman's risk of osteoporosis can be detected and prevented. The impact of osteoporosis in women after menopause is dramatic. Seventy-five percent of the vertebral fractures and 50 percent of the hip fractures they suffer are believed to be the result of bone loss that accompanies or begins at menopause. WHAT HAPPENS AS WE AGE? TYPE I AND TYPE H OSTEOPOROSIS We have been focusing on osteoporosis resulting from bone loss during menopause in women, but fractures are also due to bone loss with aging.
Whole region of the femur or hip area is scanned, and sites of interest are selected with computer assistance. The DXA scanner can also be used to measure total body bone mineral content and bone mineral density at the distal forearm and heel. The radiation exposure from the DXA scans is very low, probably about l/100th that of a normal X-ray. This makes them safe for both initial and repeat bone mineral density scans if necessary. Quantitative Computed Tomography The best way to determine early trabecular bone loss in the spine is with a specially modified quantitative computed tomography (QCT) scanner.