The Structure and Growth of Scientific Knowledge: A Study in by G. L. Pandit (auth.)

By G. L. Pandit (auth.)

Professor Pandit, operating one of the admirable workforce of philosophers on the collage of Delhi, has written a basic feedback and a positive re-interpretation of all that has been preserved as critical epistemological and methodological reflections at the sciences in glossy Western philosoph- from the days of Galileo, Newton, Descartes and Leibniz to these of Russell and Wittgenstein, Carnap and Popper, and, we want hardly ever upload, onward to the troubling relativisms and reconstructions of old epistemologies within the works of Hanson, Kuhn, Lakatos and Feyerabend. His subject matters are intrigu­ ing, set forth as they're with masterly case stories of physics and the existence sciences, and inside an unique conceptual framework for philosophical research of the approaches, capabilities, and constructions of medical realizing. Pandit's contributions deserve considerate exam. For our half, we want to element to a couple between them: (1) an interactive articulation of subjective and aim elements of either difficulties and theories during clinical improvement; (2) a notable distinction among the explanatory strength of a systematic conception and its 'resolving power', i. e.

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Our formulation of a theoretical problem depends on the language, however primitive or rudimentary, that is available for the formulation of our theories. That is, more specifically, it depends upon what I call the resolving power of a theory? Theory-problem interaction, which underlies the growth of human knowledge, necessarily requires that our K-claims have a developmental structure that remains invariant under the relevant linguistic transformations. For only on such an assumption of a developmental structure does it make sense to say that our knowledge is something that grows and is capable of ever-increasing growth.

This follows a characterization of traditional epistemology and an examination of the radical alternatives - proposed by Popper and Quine -to it. For my argument here, I first formulate a principle which I call epistemic structuralism. I then go on to deal with the problems of episternic structure and growth of scientific knowledge within the framework of an objectivistic epistemology. In order to elucidate the nature of the framework itself, I work out what I call a general interaction theory as an explication of the biologically neutral, systems-invariant concept of a growing sytem.

For while it is necessary to maintain such a distinction, it does not warrant a complete rejection of TE in favour of a Popper-type OE. What is indeed warranted by this distinction is that we must not confuse a subjectivistic enterprise concerning knowledge with an objectivistic one. And as an important methodological consequence thereof, it seems perfectly reasonable to permit a subjectivistic and an objectivistic enterprise concerning human knowledge to run parallel to each other with the possibilities of their mutual interaction left open.

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