Training Indigenous Forces in Counterinsurgency: A Tale of by James S. Corum

By James S. Corum

This monograph examines the British adventure in development and coaching indigenous police and army forces throughout the Malaya and Cyprus insurgencies. the 2 insurgencies offer a dramatic distinction to the difficulty of teaching neighborhood safety forces. In Malaya, the British constructed a really profitable technique for education the Malayan police and military. In Cyprus, the British process for development and coaching neighborhood defense forces quite often was once useless. the writer argues that a few vital classes will be drawn from those case stories that observe on to present U.S. counterinsurgency doctrine. The examine for this monograph used to be performed whereas the writer used to be a traveling fellow of All Souls collage, Oxford college. the writer used the wonderful library and archive of the Rhodes condo Centre for Imperial and Commonwealth historical past at Oxford college. The Strategic experiences Institute is happy to supply this contribution to the present debate on counterinsurgency doctrine.

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The Cyprus Police Commission, composed of several senior police chiefs in Britain, visited Cyprus in February and March of 1956 and came up with a detailed and critical study of the police. Many of the criticisms concerned the poor conditions and low pay that had pushed the Greek Cypriots out of the force. ”82 The Commission also expressed concern about the low personnel quality and training of the hundreds of special constables—almost all Turkish—recruited since the start of the insurgency. 83 Ignoring such advice, Harding even expanded the Auxiliary Police, a force that reached a peak of 1,594 men in 1958.

The Cyprus and Malaya case studies dramatically demonstrate the central role of police in counterinsurgency. In Malaya, a key element in turning the situation to the government’s favor was the program to reform and retrain the police and make it a more professional body that could interact with the civilian population more effectively (and thus gain good intelligence), and act efficiently on the intelligence it received. In Cyprus, the British failed to address the serious flaws in the Cyprus Police.

In Malaya, a key element in turning the situation to the government’s favor was the program to reform and retrain the police and make it a more professional body that could interact with the civilian population more effectively (and thus gain good intelligence), and act efficiently on the intelligence it received. In Cyprus, the British failed to address the serious flaws in the Cyprus Police. As a result, the relationship between the police to the civilian population was poor. Consequently, British intelligence on the Cyprus insurgents was consistently weak.

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