By Guus Extra, Kutlay Yagmur
This ebook is the ultimate end result of the crossnational Multilingual towns venture, performed lower than the auspices of the eu Cultural beginning, confirmed in Amsterdam, and coordinated by way of Babylon, Centre for reports of the Multicultural Society, at Tilburg collage. The ebook deals multidisciplinary, crossnational, and crosslinguistic views at the prestige of immigrant minority languages at domestic and faculty in a dominant Germanic or Romance atmosphere in six significant multicultural towns throughout Europe. From North to South those towns are Goteborg, Hamburg, The Hague, Brussels, Lyon, and Madrid.
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Extra resources for Urban Multilingualism In Europe: Immigrant Minority Languages At Home And School (Multilingual Matters)
Some nation-states make extensive efforts to naturalise immigrants and offer them full citizenship, whereas other nation-states are reluctant to do so and even place obstacles in their way. Janoski & Glennie (1995:21) argue that countries with a strong colonial past are much more inclined to offer naturalisation than countries without such tradition: Weakened by emigration, a significant segment of society looks at immigrants as the final insult to national identity. Naturalisation means the disappearance of their nation and ethnie.
In contrast, 87% of the people with Dutch as their mother tongue were using English or French at home. Nationwide, the numbers of individuals reporting Italian, Ukrainian, German, Polish, and Dutch as mother tongue all declined in the 2001 census. Apart from data on mother tongue speakers, the census contains data on home language use. 11 gives an overview of the most frequently reported home languages (N > 30,000) in the 2001 census.
From a historical point of view, such notions are commonly shaped by a constitutional ius sanguinis (law of the blood), in terms of which nationality derives from parental origins, in contrast to ius soli (law of the ground), in terms of which nationality derives from the country of birth. When European emigrants left their continent in the past and colonised countries abroad, they legitimised their claim to citizenship by spelling out ius soli in the constitutions of these countries of settlement.