Victims of Stalin and Hitler: The Exodus of Poles and Balts by T. Lane

By T. Lane

In modern Britain there are massive ethnic minorities of Polish and Baltic beginning, who arrived the following almost immediately after international struggle II. utilizing legit documents and the phrases of survivors and their teenagers, the writer explores the explanations for his or her savage uprooting by the hands of Stalin and Hitler, their next odysseys, and the explanations for his or her resettlement in Britain. it is a research of totalitarianism, political asylum, and the connection of ethnic minorities to the host society, combining first-hand debts with historic research.

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Extra info for Victims of Stalin and Hitler: The Exodus of Poles and Balts to Britain

Sample text

Each of the former states was relegated to the status of General District. 4 Administrative incorporation was complemented by a policy of Germanisation designed to make the new acquisitions culturally and linguistically German. German became the official language, the use of Polish in public life was banned, and every aspect of Polish culture and identity was suppressed. Polish newspapers and journals were prohibited and publication of Polish books prevented. The names of cities and towns were Germanised and street names changed.

All were equally bad. We always had to lie on the ground and only allowed to the latrine once a day. People died all the time. You had to be strong to survive, physically and mentally strong. I tried to remember the names of some of my friends and colleagues but they were beginning to escape me. I tried to remember music. And not only this, I was 30 Victims of Stalin and Hitler composing poetry. In Poland I had written quite a lot of poetry and some of it was published. In prison one day I started composing poetry in my memory.

In a 36 Victims of Stalin and Hitler public sense Polish culture no longer existed. It could only be kept alive by underground activity. Here is one example of how this was done. I was still at school when the war began. In the first year of the Occupation the Germans closed the schools, at least the senior schools, after the first six classes. I used to attend a private school but after the closure there was no formal schooling. But principally as a matter of pride all young people in Warsaw at any rate used to attend what were called completi, groups which used to meet in the evenings at people’s houses and were taught by Polish teachers.

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