By Andrea Guerrini, Giulia Romano
This e-book describes the water quarter because it is based in Italy. the 1st half describes the criminal framework which principles the sphere in Italy, its evolution because the final two decades, and its weaknesses. the second one half describes the governance of Italian water utilities, distinguishing complete public-owned businesses from public-private partnership and personal businesses. The 3rd half reviews insights on water utilities functionality to investigate the presence of economies by way of scope, scale and density within the Italian water area, and to make sure the presence of any ameliorations by way of potency and price lists between private and non-private enterprises. The fourth half describes the funding rules conducted through water utilities, staring at the entire volume of in line with capita investments and the particular cognizance of deliberate investments. The 5th half describes if and the way utilities utilized water conservation practices to incentive the sustainable water use.
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Additional info for Water Management in Italy: Governance, Performance, and Sustainability
Manag Decis Econ 21(6):253–268 Saal D, Parker D, Weyman-Jones T (2007) Determining the contribution of technical efficiency and scale change to productivity growth in the privatized English and Welsh water and sewerage industry: 1985–2000. J Prod Anal 28:127–139 36 3 The Determinants of Water Utilities Performance Saal D, Arocena P, Maziotis A, Triebs T (2013) Scale and scope economies and the efficient vertical and horizontal configuration of the water industry: a survey of the literature. Rev Netw Econ 12(1):93–129 Sauer J (2005) Economies of scale and firm size optimum in rural water supply.
N j j ≥0& j = 1; j = 1, 2, . . 1, we can choose between a one-or multistage model. The efficient projected points determined by a one-stage DEA model (Charnes et al. 1978) may not comply with the criterion of Pareto optimality, in which case they should not be classified as efficient points, a problem due to the input/output slacks that arise when it is still possible to increase outputs or reduce inputs beyond an efficient projected point on the frontier. Following Coelli (1998), therefore, we adopted a multistage linear programming model that can set aside slacks and give a Pareto-optimal set of projected points.
The AEEG (2013) studied a sample of 46 companies and showed that the ratio of realized to planned investments was only 55 % at the end of 2011. 8 billion in investment to be realized, which, theoretically, should be added to the 20 billion needed over the next 5 years. In addition, comparing the average annual investments per inhabitant in Italy to those of other industrialized countries shows that Italy spent €26 on average per inhabitant compared to the 40 that were planned—almost half of what was spent on average in other OECD countries (OECD 2013).